Srisailam Gateways

Traditions as well as epigraphical sources inform us that the inaccessible shrine of Srisailam is approachable through four places on the plains, generally called the gateways of Srisailam on its four-cordinal directions. They are Tripurantakam in the Prakasam district, in the East, Siddhavatam in the Cuddapah district, in the South, Alampuram in the Mahaboobnagar district, in the west and Umamahesvaram in the same district, in the North. Beside these main gates four secondary gateways in the four corner directions are also popularly known. They are Elesvaram, now submerged in the Nagarjunasagar dam, in the Northeast, Somasila on the Penna River, in Southeast, Pushpagiri again on the Penna River, in the Southwest and Sangamesvara at the confluence of the rivers Krishna and Tungabhadra on the Northwest. The concept of the gateways of Srisailam is traceable from 8th -9th centuries AD. All these places, particularly the four main places developed as centers of pilgrimage.

1. TRIPURANTAKAM: The presiding deity here is called Tripurantakadeva, with Goddess Tripurasundaridevi. This place is also called Kumaragiri. Before the construction of Guntur-Guntakal Railway, pilgrims from coastal Andhra used to pass through this place in their journey to Srisailam.If they go by foot they need not go to Dornala. They can directly go from Erragondapalm, Telugurayacheruvu and reach Chukkalaparvatam, climbing which they can reach Srisailam. Now the bus goes through Dornala. Tripurantakama is historically an important place. There are more than a hundred inscriptions incised on the walls and loose stone slabs in the temple compound. Most of these records belong to the medieval period from eleventh to sixteenth century that is from the period of the western Chalukyas to the Kakatiya period. Several local chiefs like the Velanati Chodas, Kota chiefs, and the Kakatiya rulers and their subordinates endowed the temple of Tripurantakadeva with numerous gifts. The Kayastha chiefs were the great worshippers of this God. Ambadeva of that family having revolted against the Kakatiya Queen Rudramadevi, proclaimed independence in A.D. 1289, to which effect he set up a lengthy record in Sanskrit at this temple. The ground plan of the main temple at Tripurantakam is in star shape with a spacious interior garbhagriha and mandapa. It is datable to the early part of the Western Chalukyas. Pasupata Saivism seems to be the main religion that prevailed here for a long period. The Aradhya Saivas came into prominence from fourteenth century.

2. SIDDHHAVATAM: It is a taluk town in the Cuddapah District. The presiding deity here is Jyoti Siddhavatesvara. Jyothi is another holy place very near to this and its god is called Jyothisvara or jyothinath. These two places are on the bank of Pinakini or Penna River. Pilgrims from South visit this place and proceed to Srisailam. We do not find many inscriptions in this temple.

Pushpagiri is also on the bank of the river Pinakini. It is about 12km. from Cuddapah, its district headquarters. The presiding deity here is Vaidyanathasvami. Indranathasvami and Chennakesava are also popularly worshipped here. The antiquity of the place seems to be early as the Ikshvaku period. An inscription at Nagarjunakonda refers to Pushpagiri, where certain Bodhisri is said to have built here a stone pavilion, i.e. silamandapa. The earliest extant epigraphical record at Pushpagiri is datable to the time of the Rashtrakuta king Krishna II (A.D. 878-914) or III (A.D. 939-967). Therein, it is clearly stated that the place is the southern gateway of Srisailam. Inscriptions of other dynasties like the Western Chalukyas, the Kakatiyas, the later Vaidumbas and the Vijayanagara are noticeable here. The main temple here is a double shrine structure for the deities Chennakesava and Umamaheshvara.

3. ALAMPURAM: On the left bank of Tungabhadra in the Mahaboobnagar district is the Western gateway of Srisailam. It is also called Halampura in early inscriptions. God Blalabrahmesvara is the presiding deity here. The Goddess Jogulamba, the main female deity here, is considered to be one of the eighteen Sakthis and hence the place is a Saktipitha like Srisailam. There are nine early temples dedicated to nine Brahmesvaras, namely Bala-Brahma, the main deity, Arka-Brahma, Visva-Brahma, Padma-Brahma, Garuda-Brahma, Kumara-Brahma, Vira-Brahma, Svarga-Brahma and Taraka-Brahma. All these temples are early Chalukya structures with uniform curvilinear vimanas, except the sixth one, which is in Dravidian style. The temples are very important study of early temple architecture in the middle Deccan. There are more than fifty inscriptions in these temples, the earliest being that of Chalukya Vikramaditya I (A.D. 657 - 678) and the latest being those of Krishnadevaraya. Of all the four gateways of Srisailam, Alampuram is the richest in ancient structures and epigraphical records. The main school of Saivism that flourished here is kalamukha and later Pasupata. The influence of Siddha cult at Amalapura in the early period is much said in the local tradition.

4. UMAMAHESHVARAM: The Fourth gateway is Umamaheshvaram about 6 km from Achampeta in Mahaboobnagar District. It is situated on the edge of a hill forming the vast plateau, generally called Sri Parvata. God Umamaeshara is the presiding deity. Pilgrims from Telangana region in the former days had generally to pass through this temple. The present bus route does not touch this place; it goes two miles away from the temple. According to the inscriptions preserved in the temple the history of the place starts from the Kakatiya period and its references at other places are traceable to the later Chalukya period, from Trailokyamalla Somesvarai I (A.D. 1042 - 68). The Velama king Madanayaka constructed for the benefit of pilgrims a paved footpath with steps from this place up to Jatararevu covering nearly 50 km up to river Krishna. After crossing river at this ferry point known as Jatararevu they have to climb up the Chukkala-parvatam and walk about 4 km to reach Srisailam.


Secondary Gate Ways

Beside the main gateways four more Secondary Gateways in the four corner directions are also popularly known.

They are:

Eleswaram In Mahaboobnagar District now submerged in the Nagarjuna Sagar Dam in the North - East with Eleswara Swamy and Katyani as presiding Deities.

Somasila On the bank of the river Penna in South - East with Skanda Someswara as the presiding Deity.

Pushpagiri In Kadapa District in the Southwest with Santhana Malleswara as Presiding Deity.

Sangameswaram At the confluence of the River Krishna and Tungabhadra in Kurnool District on the North-West and submerged in Srisailam Dam with Sangameswara as presiding Deity. This temple has been re-built at Alampur.
Posted by :Admin

Related Posts

  • Ram Mandir, Ayodhya Ram Mandir, Ayodhya

    Ayodhya is the place where Lord Sri Ram was born and ruled for many years (after killing Ravana). There was an existing temple built in this city, proofs of which have been found during ASI excavation. More than the physical temple and exact spot, the important point is the association of this city (town) with Lord Sri Rama, the most important incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

  • Siddeshwara Swamy Temple,Warangal Siddeshwara Swamy Temple,Warangal

    Siddeshwara temple has a rich ancient history associated with it. The temple was built in 3rd century A.D. Even though built in a time period when life was totally different from today's world, people fascinate about the architecture of this temple a lot.

  • Sri Kakuleswara Swamy Temple, Srikakulam Sri Kakuleswara Swamy Temple, Srikakulam

    Srikakulam has a rich history and is the first capital of the Andhra Kingdom. The ancient Srikakuleswara Swamy temple is located on the banks of River Krishna and is considered to be the 57th of 108 Divya Desams, holiest of shrines dedicated to Lord Vishnu, by Vasihnavaites. The temple has a rich cultural and historical legacy and is one of the oldest temples in the south. Great poets like Srinatha Kavi Sarvabhoumudu, Kasuala Purushottama and Narayanatheertha, the composer of Sri Krishna Leela Tharangini praised the temple in their works. The temple is located in the mandal of Ghantasala, which is a popular Buddhist center.

  • Sri Mallikharjuna Swamy Temple, Komaravelli Sri Mallikharjuna Swamy Temple, Komaravelli

    The Lord is believed to have manifested as Sri Mallikharjuna Swamy and made Komaravelli his abode in the eleventh century CE. The Lord married Golla Ketamma from the Yadava community and Medalamma from the Linga Balija community, which explains the association of those communities with the worship services of the Lord.

  • Srimukhalingeswara Temple,Sri Mukhalingam Srimukhalingeswara Temple,Sri Mukhalingam

    Srimukhalingeswara temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, is a major pilgrimage center in the state. It is located in a village known by the same name, 45-odd kilometers to the north of Srikakulam, on the banks of the holy Vamsadhara River. The temple is known for artistic splendor and stands out as one of the finest examples of Kalinga architecture. Ornate sculptures adorn the Gopurams and walls of this shrine.

  • Trikooteswara Temple,Narsaraopet Trikooteswara Temple,Narsaraopet

    The temple can be dated to the period of the Chalukyas and is said to be built by an ardent devotee named Elchuri Veeresalingam. Over the course of time, the temple fell under the patronage of the Velama Zamindars of Narsaraopet. who used to worship the Lord with great devotion. They made significant contributions to the temple and the tradition continued until the Zamindari system was abolished after India gained independence.

  • Sri Shakteeswara Swamy Temple,Yanamadurru Sri Shakteeswara Swamy Temple,Yanamadurru

    Sri Shakteeswara Swamy Temple is Located at Yanamadurru just 5KM away from Bhimavaram.Sri Shakteeswara Swamy has been discovered by excavations many years back. During the excavations Lord Shiva Statue along with Sri Parvathi his 3 month old son Sri Subramanyeswara Swamy are found on a single platform.The Oldest name of Yanamadurru village is Yamapuri later Yamunapuram and now Yanamadurru.

  • Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Devasthanam,Dharmapuri Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Devasthanam,Dharmapuri

    Sri Lakshmi Narsimha Swamy's kshetram in Dharmapuri is one among the nava Narsimha Kshetrams in Andhra Pradesh. Prior, this place was directed by the ruler Dharma Varma henceforth the place is known as Dharmapuri. According to the chronicled foundation of the place, however this refuge existed decidedly before 850-928 BC, it was beat by the Bahumani Sultans in the year 1422-1436 and again in the seventeenth century, the asylum was patched up. In this refuge, swamywaru is cut in Shaligram shila

  • Sri Raja Rajeshwara Temple,Vemulavada Sri Raja Rajeshwara Temple,Vemulavada

    Sri Raja Rajeshwara Swamy Devasthanam ? Abode of Lord Eashwara ? at Vemulawada village of Karimangar District in Andhra Pradesh State is one of the ancient and famous Shivate temples

  • Sri Bhaktha Anjaneya Swamy Temple,Kondagattu Sri Bhaktha Anjaneya Swamy Temple,Kondagattu

    Sri Anjaneya Swamy vari Devasthanam his situated on hill calld Kondagattu Amidst of hills and forest aria at a distance 40 K.M. from Karimnagar and 16 K.M from Jagityal.The presiding deity, Sri anjaneya Swamy varu is said to be Swayambhoo as seen from the silasasana which is available on the external wall ao the main temple.It shows that parents of singam Balaiah i.e Singam Sanjeevudu and Ashamma from Kodimyal Village had Constructed a temple.

Latest Posts

  • Temples
  • Sacred Places
  • Articles
  • Pancha Sabhai Sthalams / Sthalangal
    Pancha Sabhai Sthalangal refers to the temples of Lord Nataraja, a form of Lord Shiva where he performed the Cosmic Dance. Panc..
  • Pancha Bhoota Stalas
    Pancha Bhoota Stalam or Pancha Bhoota Stala refers to the five Shiva temples, dedicated to Shiva, the most powerful Hindu god a..
  • 18 Shakti Peethas / Asta Dasa Shakti Peethas
    Astadasha Shakthi Peetas Lord Brahma performed a yagna to please Shakti and Shiva. Goddess Shakti emerged, separating from Shiv..
  • Navagaraha Sthala or Temple
    Navagraha Suriyan (Sun), Chandran (Moon), Chevvai (Mars), Budha (Mercury), Guru (jupiter), Sukra (Venus), Sani (Saturn), Rahu (..

Gallery

  • Siddeshwara Swamy Temple,Warangal
  • 10 Unique things you should do in Kolhapur
  • Sri Seetha Ramachandra Swamy Vaari Devasthanams, Bhadrachalam, Khammam, Telangana
  • Sri Brahmaramba Mallikarjuna Swamy Devasthanam, Srisailam, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh
  • Maisigandi Maisamma Temple Kadthal,  Mahabubnagar, Telangana
  • Arulmigu Jambukeswarar Akhilandeswari Temple, Thiruvanaikaval, Trichy, Tamilnadu
  • Sri Lakshmi Tirupatamma Devasthanam, Penuganchiprolu, Andhra Pradesh
  • Sri Subrahmanyeswara Swamy Vari Devasthanam, Mopidevi, Andhra Pradesh
  • Sri Durga Malleswara Swamy Varla Devastanams, Vijayawada
  • Sree Bhadrakali Devasthanam, Warangal
  • Sri Lakshmi Ganapathy Temple, Biccavolu
  • Ashok Vatika
  • The Lords Own Country, Dwarka
  • Simhachalam Temple
  • Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple